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如何從說第一句話開始就撩動考官的心?

發布時間:2020-11-18

雅思口語評分標準在于:流利度和連貫性,語法,詞匯,發音。

西方人說話之所以能夠脫口而出、條理清晰,是因為他們在表達時都會事先在頭腦中形成大致的一個邏輯框架,即對開頭、中間和結尾進行規劃。

如果你也能能有這樣的思維方式,那豈不就與考官的思想達成共識,離高分也就近了一步嘛。

所以

我們首先要解決的就是要develop your answer——即構建你的口語邏輯框架,使流利度和連貫性有所發揮,就如寫作寫提綱一樣,口語也要構思你的框架。

不要無頭無腦地去記那些雜亂無章的口語框架,大家一定要懂得給雅思口語題劃分類別。

下面給大家講解一下某些類別的口語框架,大家可以參考這樣的邏輯思路構建自己的口語框架:

》》留學找鑫泉,制定你的專屬留學方案

Part 1類題目——題目:Like it and not like it

What is your major??Why did you choose this major??Do you like it and why?

這是Part 1 一定會被問到的問題。你很容易就回答了what這個問題,對于后面的why和Like it and not like it,很多考生會無從下手,記住大家可以從以下三個方面來回答:

框架

1) Interest. (internal factor)

I have huge interest in ….since I was a little kid.(—Maybe in my six years old.)

括號里面這種你可說可不說,不過可以幫你爭取更多的時間來想拓展的內容。

2) Expectation from others (external factor)

Being encouraged/motivated by (eg. Parents or grandparents) since I was a little kid.(—Maybe in my six years old.)

3) Profitability 表達你的專業是有前途性,能找到很好的工作。

Another reason maybe a bit realistic, you know. It is profitable/ promising/ lucrative.

這樣你就擁有了回答這個問題的框架,能保證你的答案有一定的長度和內容,形成了句群和段落,然后你就要思考回答內部邏輯和關系的問題,要用一些怎樣的連接詞使得自己的答案讓人聽起來順暢和舒服呢?
 

詞匯補充:

大家都知道大多數西方人說很簡單的英語而回避一些口語里的大詞。所以,我們的問題不在于你知道的難詞、大詞有多少,而在于能否用多種方式的簡單生活化的口語表達你想表達的概念。

詞匯

涉及到幾方面,你就需要一些鏈接詞來組織語言:

  • to begin/start with
  • besides
  • in addition
  • most important
  • last but not the least
  • anyway
Like/love/prefer/enjoy等這些是比較簡單和基礎的表達:

例如:你的答案是說你很喜歡自己的專業,那么喜歡能有多少種方式表達呢?

  • I’m very much into
  • I’m crazy about
  • I’m fond of
  • I’m keen on
  • I’m fascinated by/about
  • I really dig into…

填充了內容和詞匯后就要輪到語法了。


語法:

要盡量避免一些低級錯誤:he/she混用,時態錯誤,單復數錯誤,以及主謂一致錯誤等。

要避免這些錯誤不只是要從文字方面弄清楚,更重要的是要通過大量的口語練習把正確的內容練習成為條件反射。

在時態方面要特別注意過去式,因為雅思口語試題中有涉及到考查學生的時態理解,尤其是第二部分描述很多情況下都要用過去式,所以要注意答案的時態統一,不能時態混用。

當然,過去完成時和過去完成進行時能得到應用的話也會對你的答案起到加分作用。

語法

  • where is your hometown?
  • Where do you come from?
  • Where are you from?

與其說成my hometown is xin jiang.不如說成 you know, I am a xin jiang local, I have been living in xin jiang for more than 15 years(或者since I was born)。這樣就可以構建自己的口語框架。

最后就剛開始的那個話題,給大家分享一個完整的答案。
 

答案

I like it primarily/mainly/chiefly/principally because I’m very much into the stuff taught in class. Besides/Plus my parents have kept in encouraging me to study it hard since I was a little kid. In addition, Another reason maybe a bit realistic, you know that is bound to bring me much income in the future. (Finally/Lastly…) That is exactly/precisely why I like my major.

可以看到這個答案就符合了內容充實性和連貫性,詞匯的豐富性,語法的正確性等雅思評分必備條件。

》》留學找鑫泉,制定你的專屬留學方案

Part 2類題目

Part 2類題目第二部分描述要特別注意移花接木,也就是用一個準備好的核心段落來演繹很多不同的話題。

要特別注意歸類總結,哪些問題可以用到同一核心段落(只需要進行改寫即可套用),哪些要單獨準備。

大家可以把大致50道題進行分類,這樣你需要準備的段落可能就只有20個左右了。

比如:你準備好了一個描述一個老人的段落,那么很多話題都可以套用了:你最尊敬的人,對你影響最深的人,一個成功的人,一張照片(可以是你和他一起照的),一個禮物等都可以加以靈活的套用,套用時尤其注意不要跑題,找準回答的重點,緊扣題目。

其實Part 2的框架特別好構建,因為我們有個topic 本子,每個話題下面都有一些小問題,你只要根據這些小問題進行回答,再加上連接過渡性的詞匯即可。

我們來看一個例子:

尊敬的長輩+最親近的家人 我的爺爺+最親近的家人

Describe an old person you respectYou should say:

Who he/she is

How you know this person

What kinds of things you like to do together

and explain how you feel about this person

When it comes to the one I respect the most, I’d like to talk about my dear grandfather, a seventy - year - old man.

To be honest, I don't remember when I knew him, probably the moment when I was born. But I know a lot about him indeed. My grandpa has a very kind smile which always gives me great comfort and encouragement especially when I am depressed. my grandfather teaches me a lot. He often tells me to be brave and dare to bear the responsibility.

In terms of what we'd like to do together, I think it is to turn “waste” into wealth. My grandpa can always find a suitable place for the “junk”. He often teaches me how to give in and put the "junk" in its suitable place. My grandpa has helped me to develop a habit of preserving everything, everything he thinks is useful, everything goes where it should go. Surprisingly, all these "junk" can always find their position and function fairly well, holding small things or optimizing my bicycle so that it can operate better……

And another thing is that my grandpa always sits next to me and tells a lot of interesting stories. It seems he always has many stories attracting me. So we are more like a pair of good friends. This is my grandfather, the one I respect the most. I love him.

你只要根據每一個小問題來回答即可,part 2的框架就構建好了。

根據個人經驗,當涉及到新的一方面東西時,西方人說話很喜歡用as for. When it comes to, for ,in terms of等這些。大家可以在切換不同小問題之間,用這些簡單連接詞進行過渡。
 

Part 3類題目

Part 3類題目第三部分的話題與第二部分有緊密聯系,發散性和議論性都很大。

但是一定要知道答題的一個規律和模式,Part3 是就Part2的topic深入探討,一般都會問你一些社會性的大問題,你的回答一定是先總后分(先總體后個人),千萬別用I think之類的表達個人意見。

應該先總的說大家都公認的都有哪幾點,然后分點說,因為part 3考官就是要你發表自己的看法,不能一兩句就說完了,這個跟part 1還是有區別的。

例子,構建框架

What kind of activities do old people like to do these days? 先總的說一些,有很多種活動,再分類別一一說明,附帶一些舉例,先總后分。

As for the activities the old are keen on, there are a variety of entertainments(總的概括來一句).

分點說明:

What I want to mention firstly is doing the morning exercises and taking a walk after dinner. You know, the square dancing is so hot now. Almost every women and men of the age between 40 to 60 years old enjoy it. Secondly, old people tend to travelling. It is well-known that they have already retired, so they can take advantage of the time to travel to different places. Talking about my grandpa, he travels a great deal as did most of his friends, knowing more about each local conditions and customs, to enrich himself.

大家要是還有就往后添加。

Practice makes perfect!口語重在練習,沒有太多的技巧可言,只要能持之以恒,就能取得較大的進步,對雅思整體分數的提高會有出其不意的效果。

》》留學找鑫泉,制定你的專屬留學方案



資訊來源:未知

責任編輯:陳中穎

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